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# Problem Solving

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• Some suggestions for using the many word problem pages available on abcteach.com
• A poster to describe a suggested method of solving word problems.
• "Cowboy Tom helped at a roundup. He earned \$1.50 for every cow he caught. The first week, he caught 99 cows. The second week he caught 273. How many did he catch altogether?" Five addition problems.
• "Cowboy Tom worked from seven in the morning until three in the afternoon yesterday building two miles of fence. He was paid \$48. What was his hourly wage?"
• "Cowboy Jake is afraid of rattlesnakes. He sees a lot of them on the ranch where he lives. In fact, he sees an average of thirty every year. About how many has he seen in the nine years he has lived on the ranch?"
• "Cowboy Jake is competing in a rodeo. In the last event, a bull kicks him in the arm and breaks it, but he still wins \$144 in all. How much does he have left after he pays a doctor \$66 to put his arm in a cast?"
• "It takes 55% less water to make recycled paper than normal paper... How much water would the same factory use to make the same amount of normal paper?" Five word problems with an environmental theme.
• "We know that, on average, each tree absorbs from 13 to 48 pounds of carbon dioxide per year. We have planted 15 trees. How much carbon dioxide absorption will the trees we’ve already planted enable in the next 50 years?" Five math problems with an environmental theme.
• "Last year there were 89 third graders at Johnson Elementary School. This year there are five more." Five school-themed math addition problems.
• "There are three rows of pencils. Each row has four pencils. How many colored pencils does Yoko have?" Five school-themed multiplication problems.
• "There are two boys in every row on Bruce’s bus. How many boys are there in two rows?" Five school-themed math problems using skip counting.
• "Matt has to read a 53-page book by tomorrow. So far he has read 48 pages. How many more pages does he have to read?" Five school-themed subtraction word problems.
• "Smith & Smith Ghost Eradication Services is a company that removes ghosts from haunted houses. If each haunted house has an average of three ghosts, how many ghosts can be removed in a month?" Five Halloween themed multiplication word problems.

• "Four witches meet at Halloween. Each one brings four black cats with her. How many black cats are at the meeting?"
• "The Wizard Mandragon has a part-time job making flying brooms for witches. This year he had a special Halloween sale and sold brooms for \$40 each. He earned a total of \$240. How many brooms did he sell?" Five Halloween-themed division problems.
• "Anne is a witch. She has two black cats. How many more does she have to find if she needs ten black cats for her spell?" Five Halloween-themed word problems.
• "Mike and his brother Pat are selling pumpkins they grew. If Mike sells nine and Pat sells seven, how many do they sell in all?" Five Thanksgiving-themed addition word problems.
• "Ed and his sister are helping cook Thanksgiving dinner. They decide to have a potato-peeling contest. Ed peels twenty-two. His sister peels six more than that. How many did she peel?" Five Thanksgiving-themed addition word problems.
• "Myron analyzed the caloric content of his Thanksgiving dinner for his science class. His serving of stuffing had 619 calories. His serving of pumpkin pie had 780 calories. His serving of turkey had 282 calories. How many calories were there in his stuffing and turkey combined?"
• "Renee’s mother has forty-eight pieces of pumpkin pie on the counter in the kitchen on Thanksgiving. The dog eats six while she’s not looking. How many pieces of pie are left?"
• "Yolanda’s Thanksgiving turkey weighs twenty pounds. Her family eats seventeen pounds at dinner. How many pounds are left?"
• "For his science class at school, Charles wants to calculate how much his relatives eat on Thanksgiving. He weighs the food before it is served and then he weighs the leftovers. The food weighed 960 ounces. The leftovers weighed 89 ounces. How many ounces of food did his family eat?"
• "There are fourteen boys in Mark’s chess club. For Thanksgiving they participate in a food drive. They visit 70 houses and collect a total of 210 cans of food. How many cans of food did they collect per house, on average?" Five Thanksgiving-themed division problems.
• "Bud is helping his mother bake an apple pie for Thanksgiving dinner. He peels the apples. It takes him two minutes to peel an apple. How long does it take him to peel seven apples?" Five Thanksgiving-themed multiplication word problems.
• "Mr. Vogel is a farmer. He raised twenty turkeys this year. He sold eighteen and kept two as pets. He charged sixteen dollars per turkey. What was the total selling price?" Five Thanksgiving-themed multiplication word problems.
• "Greg and his friends are making Thanksgiving decorations. Each child makes five. How many do four children make? How many do five make? How many do six make?" Five Thanksgiving-themed skip counting (by fives) word problems.
• "Eddie can pick and clean ten pumpkins per hour. How many can he do in four hours? How many in five? How many in six?" Five Thanksgiving-themed skip counting (by tens) word problems.
• "Look at the clock. What time does Brenda get up on Thanksgiving Day?" Five time-telling questions with clocks.
• "Clem really likes cross country skiing. Last week he skied twenty-one miles. This weekend he skied seven more miles. How many miles did he ski altogether?" Five winter-themed addition word problems.
• "Pierre wants to buy a new mountain bike that costs \$999. This summer, he earned \$476 mowing lawns. This winter he has already earned \$201 shoveling snow. How much money has he earned so far this year?" Five winter-themed addition word problems.
• "A group of people are cross-country skiing. Altogether, they ski one hundred ninety-six miles. There are fourteen people in the group. How far does each one ski, on average?"
• "Mike's hockey team has scored an average of four goals in each of their last ten games. How many goals have they scored in all?" Five winter-themed multiplication word problems.
• "Tracy collects forty-eight icicles for her science class. They are twenty-five inches long on average. What is the total length of the icicles Tracy collects?" Five winter-themed multiplication word problems.
• "Bob's class is cutting out paper snowflakes to decorate the classroom. If each child cuts out two snowflakes, how many do five children cut? Six children? Seven children?" Five winter-themed word problems with skip counting by 2s, 5s, and 10s.
• "Rebecca is going skiing with her family. It is a seventy-mile drive to the mountain where they ski. They have driven forty miles so far. How far is it to the mountain now?" Five winter-themed subtraction word problems.
• "Bob and his friends are baking cookies for a school fundraiser. They baked eight hundred thirty-two cookies. However, they ate sixty-nine of them. How many cookies are left?" Five winter-themed subtraction word problems.
• Directions for regrouping in addition, subtraction, and multiplication. One page for each skill, plus examples.
• Abigail saw the same number of pigs and chickens at the farm. She counted twelve legs. How many were pig legs and how many were chicken legs? Six word problems.
• Andrea brought seventy-five Valentines candies to school. If there are twenty-eight students in her class, how many candies can each student have if Andrea wants them all to have the same amount? Will there be any left over? Six word problems.
• Mr. Wilder is taller than Ms. White. Mr. Singer is shorter than Ms. White. Ms. Jackson is taller than Ms. White, but she is not the tallest teacher. Put all of these teachers in order according to their height. Six word problems.